If you are looking for ornamental plants that can beautify and add bright colors to your yard, why not to choose hibiscus? Hibiscus has trumpet-shaped flowers with a variety of bright and beautiful colors.
The hibiscus plant will flower and bloom for a day. The hibiscus plant grows quite quickly, reaching 3 to 7 feet tall and 2 to 3 feet wide when grown in ideal conditions. You can plant hibiscus plants either in the ground in your yard or in pots.
Hibiscus will grow best in full sunlight and can only survive outdoors in the winter in zones 10-12. In cold climate they will grow best as container plants. And perennial hibiscus will survive in cold area in zones 4 to 9.
In addition, hibiscus flowers have several types:
- Hibiscus rosa-Sinensis Albus
This type of hibiscus flower has a pure white color and has a single crown. This type of flower is very much planted in the tropics in the lowlands to high.
- Hibiscus rosa-Sinensis Chirstmas
This hibiscus variety is very much cultivated in christmas (South Africa). The characteristics of this flower are white and also have a dark red color in the center of the petals.
- Hibiscus rosa-Sinensis Plenus
This hibiscus flower has many unique flower petals such as roses. Pink color and has a diameter of about 10 cm is often also referred to as the Chinese flower. Plenus hibiscus flowers also have another color, namely dark red.
- Hibiscus Schizopelatus
This type of hibiscus flower also has several characteristics of flower stalks that are similar to lanterns. How to plant hibiscus in this type generally uses the stem cutting method.
Easy Steps to Plant Hibiscus Flowers in Pots
If you live in an area with relatively cool weather, then hibiscus plants will grow well in full sun. However, in hot and dry weather, hibiscus plants should be placed in a location that gets partial shade
If the hibiscus plant in the yard consistently blooms, it is a sign that the plant is happy with its living conditions. However, if your hibiscus plant doesn’t produce buds or doesn’t flower, then try moving it to an area that gets more sunlight.
If you are growing hibiscus plants in pots, use a well-drained planting medium. Outdoors, the soil should have plenty of organic matter. Soil for hibiscus plants, both in pots and in the yard, must be able to absorb air well to avoid the risk of root rot disease.
Hibiscus are plants that will develop and produce flowers only if its given enough water. Depending on the sunlight, wind, and humidity in your environment, your hibiscus plant may need to be watered daily, or even twice a day in very dry conditions.
Usually best tropical hibiscus will grow one to two inches per week. If your hibiscus plant is shedding leaves, or you notice yellowing of the leaves at the top of the plant, it’s means they aren’t getting enoug. And if your hibiscus plant has yellowing leaves in the center or at the bottom of the plant, it may be the sign that your hibiscus getting too much water.
- Temperature and humidity
Hibiscus plants prefer an average temperature between 12 to 21 degrees Celsius. High temperatures can cause buds and leaves to fall off.
If you live in a cold climate, only grow hibiscus in pots and indoors as hibiscus is a tropical shrub known for its large, colorful flowers and loves warm temperatures and usually doesn’t survive frosts.
When you buy a potted hibiscus plant, there may be a slow release fertilizer mixed into the soil, so there is no need for additional fertilizer in the first few months. After that, regularly fertilizing with diluted fish emulsion fertilizer will make the blooms vibrant.
By pruning, it will help keep the hibiscus flower to bloom. While buds form on new growth that has been stimulated by pruning, and removing some branches can provide some much-needed light. Prune potted hibiscus plants before bringing them indoors during the rainy season. You also need to simultaneously eradicate insect pests on plants using neem oil, detergent, or by spraying air.
- Propagation of hibiscus plants
You can propagate hibiscus from stem cuttings which taken after the plant begins to be active. You can use a rooting hormone, and make sure the cuttings are not exposed to direct sunlight to grow actively. It can help to pack the cuttings to retain moisture and retain heat as they establish roots.
Just cut it to 4 or 5 inches (10-13 cm) in height. Then wait for the plant to grow back from the roots in the spring, once the temperature starts to warm up.
Don’t assume the hibiscus flower ornamental plant has died if it doesn’t appear in early March. Hibiscus plant usually won’t appear until may or june but will start blooming until autumn.
- Pots and change planting media
For consistent flower production in potted plantings, be sure to avoid very deep pots, which can cause the plant to spend its energy on root development at the expense of flower production.
You may need to change your hibiscus planting medium and pot every one to two years. Look for signs that the leaves are falling off, seems stress, or are not growing well. Changing pots and growing media regularly helps ensure that the soil provides adequate nutrients for the plant.
Well, that’s easy ways for planter who wants to have hibiscus at home to add more beauty.