Chrysanthemum or mums is known as one of the annuals flowers that is easy to grow and produce colorful flowers in the fall. In the USDA zones 8, zones 9, zones 10, and zones 11, Chrysanthemums are also able to grow as perennials. They will bloom in the warmer climates like in spring and fall.
However, just like some of the flowering plants, there is no way for the Chrysanthemums to bloom in less than ideal conditions. There are actually a lot of reasons why it they are not flowering. Some of them have something to do with the soil, the sunlight, the fertilizer, and many other ones. Knowing to care the Chrysanthemums to encourage them flowering. For those who are new to plants, especially chrysanthemums, and are currently facing this kind of case, you can read the whole post to find out what you should do to fix the issue. After reading this post, you might also want to discuss with those who are interested in growing chrysanthemums by finding and visiting the communities or forums related to plants, especially chrysanthemums. In addition to these, you can also reach out the professionals who are expert to the topic. By reaching out all of them, you can get to know about chrysanthemums, including why they are not flowering and how to handle this kind of issue.
The Best Growing Conditions for Chrysanthemums
According to the professionals, Chrysanthemums require full sun. When it comes to the soil, the best one for them is the well draining one. As for the fertilizer, the one with low nitrogen is best to be given to make them blossom. Please avoid growing them in part shade and or giving them the fertilizer that is full of nitrogen as they will fail to thrive. Aside from these, wet roots also have to be avoided. There might be a case when they can show up healthily with the help of abundant leaf growth. However, the pretty flowers just will not appear.
For those who are planting the chrysanthemums in the pots, you are suggest to relocate them to the place where they will get a minimum of six hours of direct sunlight. The best type of sunlight is the afternoon shade. They are clearly the perfect one for the those who have a garden that faces the east. Before watering, do not forget to wait until the top 2 or 3 inches of soil in the pot are dry. Apart from that, you should also avoid fertilizing them with any kind of fertilizer that is based on nitrogen.
If you already place the chrysanthemums in the ground but there is too much shade or they tend to sit when the rain comes or after the rain, it is better for you to dig them up and relocate them in a better place. When they are grown as perennials, please wait until the spring comes. For those who cut a large radius around the plant to avoid the bothering the roots, it is possible for you to transplanting them in the summer or fall.
Pinch Back Fall Flowers and Growth
Pinching is such a good technique that you can try when the Chrysanthemums do not want to bloom. For those who are not familiar with this technique as it is the first time of you to hear it, it refers to the technique to force them to bloom. The best time to start pinching off or cutting back each branch is when the Chrysanthemum is about 6 inches tall. Keep in mind to not take off more than an inch. This kind of thing is effective to stimulate the additional branches to grow. In the end, each branch will include flower buds.
When the Chrysanthemums reaches a foot in height, you will have to pinch another inch off each branch. After doing it for the second time, wait for 100 days before you do it again and before the Chrysanthemums bloom. For instance, if you want for the Chrysanthemums to bloom in October, you can stop pinching back growth by mid June.
When you see the Chrysanthemums are about to start blooming, please keep an eye to the quality of the flowers. Do not forget to remove the dead blooms, which are known as deadheading, once they begin to look faded or wilted. Removing the dead blooms is needed to encourage even more flowers throughout the season.
More Info: How Long Do Mums Live and Last?
Tips to Care Chrysanthemums in the Winter
In the cold weather, growing the chrysanthemums is best to be planted in pots. The reason behind it is because they will produce a joyful bloom if they are well overwintered. When they stop producing the buds altogether, it is time for you to bring them inside. It should be done even after deadheading. Due to the fact that they will still need plenty of sunlight even during the winter, you are recommended to place them in front of the window that faces the south. As an alternative, you can also place them under a grow light.
During winter, the chrysanthemums might have a hard time to overwinter if there is not enough time to develop their roots. This kind of case tends to happen when the plants are transplanted in fall. In fact, they tend to focus more on the blooming rather than rooting.
If you have chrysanthemums and you live in Zone 7, there is a high chance for your plants to survive in the mild winter. In order to make it happen, protection is needed. First of all, you can cut the stems to the ground after the foliage is no longer around. The next thing that you have to do is to cover the plant with mulch. Doing so is important to prevent both stems and roots from freeing. However, you will have to avoid packing down the much tightly. It will be good for the plants to get a plenty of air circulation even in the cold winter.