Hibiscus Rosa Sinensis Morphology and Classification
Hibiscus is an upright shrub with a height of ± 3 meters with a single leaf, a protected pointed edge (acutus to acuminatus) measuring 10-16 cm long and 5-11 cm wide. The stamens and pistil are found in one flower. The flowers are easily distinguished from other plants, namely a single trumpet-shaped flower with 5 crowns and a long sticking pistil structure with many yellow anthers. The color of the flower crown is also quite diverse, ranging from red, pink, yellow, orange, cream, white to mixed. The pollen grain is shaped like a spiny oval ball (spheroidal prolate) with a pantoporate-type aperture. Molecularly, hibiscus chromosomes are polyploid with varying diploid number (2n), from 11 to 24.
Living in the lowlands and highlands, requires sufficient sunlight and humidity. This plant is widely distributed throughout the world, especially in the tropics and subtropics. Hibiscus becomes food for insects and in return the insects help the process of pollinating hibiscus. Because of its bright color, hibiscus flowers are often used as ornamental plants.
Hibiscus contains flavonoids in the leaves, flowers, and roots. In addition chinese rose contains polyphenols, saponins and tannins. Hibiscus can be used as a medicine for several diseases such as fever, cough, and canker sores. Hibiscus can also be developed into various processed foods such as cakes, drinks, and food coloring.
In the tropics, this plant flowers throughout the year, while in the subtropics this plant only flowers from summer to autumn. In sub-tropical areas, this plant can actually flower throughout the year as long as it is planted in a greenhouse (green house).
Hibiscus Rosa Sinensis Classification
Kingdom : Plantae
Division : Magnoliophyta
Class : Magnoliopsida
Order : Malvales
Family : Malvaceae
Genus : Hibiscus
Species : Hibiscus rosa-sinensis
Hibiscus Rosa Sinensis Morphology
If you don’t know and don’t understand the morphology of this hibiscus plant. So, here they are the morphology of the hibiscus plant.
- Hibiscus Root
The root system of this hibiscus plant belongs to the type of taproot and is accompanied by the same root color as the roots of plants in general.
In this case the roots of the hibiscus plant will be dirty brown in color. However, what makes this hibiscus plant unique and different from some other plants is that the roots of this hibiscus plant can reach into the soil about 40 to 60 cm.
In fact, usually it can be more than that, this only depends on the growth of the hibiscus plant itself.
- Hibiscus Stem
This hibiscus plant is a shrub, annual / perennial depends on variety and can grow to a height of up to 3 meters, but usually more than that.
The stem owned by this hibiscus plant has a round and hard shape and is woody with a diameter of around 9 cm.
The stems of this hibiscus plant have various colors. If the stem is still young, then the color of the stem will look purple. In contrast to the old stems, which will show a dirty white stem color.
- Hibiscus Leaves
The next morphology you can see from the leaves it has so you can find out what the hibiscus plant is.
The leaves of this hibiscus plant include single leaves and uneven edges and a tapered base with a blunt base.
And, the leaves it has will be accompanied by a length that can reach 10 to 15 cm with a width that reaches about 5 to 10 cm.
The color of the leaves is the same as the type of plant in general, where the hibiscus plant has leaves that are light green and dark.
- Hibiscus Flower
The flowers it has become one of its own characteristics, even the flowers have striking differences when compared to several other types of plants.
Generally, the flowers of this plant have a single shape and form like a trumpet, where the tip will look tapered. The flowers are located in the axils of the leaves owned by the hibiscus plant.
In addition, hibiscus plants have petals that are shaped like bells and are accompanied by a yellow color.
This flower has a crown and consists of 15 to 20 petals with a pink color or usually referred to as a pink flower. The flowers of this plant have many stamens and the shape is almost the same as a tube. There are several crowns that look soft and are accompanied by a pistil that curves out of the crown.
You need to know, where the end of the pistil stalk will show the petals that have been filled with pollen, which will make the flowers ready to scatter in the process of pollinating this hibiscus plant.
- Fruits and Seeds of Hibiscus Plants
The fruit of this hibiscus plant is similar to that of a hibiscus plant, sterile to fruitless. However, you must know that the fruits owned by this hibiscus plant will show its uniqueness with an attractive shape and of course it will not look the same as other types of plants. Generally, the fruit of this hibiscus plant has fruit that is oval in shape and reaches a diameter of 4 mm.
This hibiscus plant has seeds available in the fruit of the hibiscus plant. This hibiscus plant has a white color when it is easy and will usually turn brown after dark.
Usually the seeds of this hibiscus plant will be used for material in generative vines if you have the desire to breed them.
Benefits of Hibiscus
Besides being used as a medicinal plant, hibiscus flowers in some countries also have many functions and uses. The following are the functions and uses of hibiscus flowers in various countries:
- In India, the hibiscus flower is used as a shoe polishing material and as a flower offering to Hindu goddesses.
- In China, hibiscus flower is used as a natural food coloring agent.
- In Okinawa-Japan, hibiscus flowers are used as hedges and deliberately planted in graves. In the Pacific Islands, hibiscus flowers are eaten after being processed into salads.
- In ancient times, hibiscus flowers were used as a pH indicator. In an acidic solution, red hibiscus flowers turn a dark pink or magenta color.
Hibiscus flower can be made into a tea that is rich in benefits. Hibiscus tea can be used to treat colds, coughs, flu, fever, as an antioxidant, vitamin C enhancer, high blood pressure medication, and lowers bad cholesterol in the body, and maintains immunity. Making hibiscus tea is quite easy. Fresh hibiscus flowers are thinly chopped, then dried in the sun for 2 days. After drying, the tea can be brewed with hot water and then drunk. A little sugar can be added to it to make it more delicious.
Caring for hibiscus flowers is quite easy and doesn’t require a lot of money, for more detail of how to care hibiscus, just click here, just be diligent in watering them once a day and given fertilizer they will grow beautifully to decorate your garden or yard well.
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