Hibiscus plants are known for their large, beautiful flowers that come in a variety of colors. There are about 200 species of hibiscus, in various sizes, colors and resistance to cold weather. They make your yard even more beautiful and make you think of warm climates and sunshine.
Hibiscus Annual or Perennials?
Well, there are two types of hibiscus flowers, Tropical Hibiscus known technically as hibiscus rosasinesis, and Perennial Hibiscus which has several types of species. So technically hibiscus belongs to both!
Tropical hibiscus flowers are best in containers or pots as they are not winter tolerant and need to be brought inside during the winter unless you live in a very warm climate otherwise the hibiscus plant will die. The perennial hibiscus grows like a shrub, dormant in every winter, but then growing back in the spring.
Hibiscus does have the perfect flower parts. That is, consisting of 5 petals that are interconnected to form a large flower crown, in the middle there is a pistil stalk that sticks out from the crown, this stamen is cylindrical, surrounded by oval shaped pollen stalks and scattered pollen Hibiscus plants can grow as high as 2-5 m and are widely used as ornamental plants in the yard.
This plant is usually lined up in the yard as a hedge plant. Many people want to keep this flower but do not know how to grow them. Hibiscus can indeed grow wild, but if you want to bring it to your home, in other words, if you pull out a hibiscus plant that grows wild and then you plant them in your home garden, it would have a small chance to thrive as usual. Well, you should plant them from the begining, and so that it can be easily move to the garden, for initial planting it is recommended to plant it in a container first or it can be directly into your yard.
Planting Hibiscus Tree Preparation Steps
To be able to plant hibiscus well, then you need to prepare an early stage when you want to do plant by choosing the type of hibiscus.
Actually hibiscus consists of several color variations, but the main thing is to determine the type of hibiscus that can thrive in your area.
There are at least two types that can mostly thrive in the yard, tropical and hardy hibiscus species.
- Types of tropical hibiscus usually have characteristics such as the number of flowers that can grow, but can die in 1 to 2 days and colors from this type are pink, a combination of orange and pink and the last one is usually purple
- Hardy hibiscus types usually have characteristics with a fairly strong resistance, which means they are able to maintain their flowers longer and mostly grow bushes. The colors from this type are red, white, and pink
Hibiscus Planting Step
Before you plant, first determine what steps will be chosen whether you want to go through the cuttings or through the seeds. From these two ways you can get their respective advantages in planting hibiscus, for that you need to know how to plant both as follows
- There are several advantages if you plant by seed that you can create new varieties of hibiscus. This can be done by crossing two types of hibiscus varieties. However, in terms of efficiency, it is clear that this method takes time and it is possible that if there is a failure, you have to try again.
- If you do planting by stem cuttings, it is certainly easier to do, but the failure rate can affect the condition of the type of plant, the environment and also its handling.
To note that it’s best not to plant it until winter is completely over. Wait until the outdoor temperature is consistently between 60-70°F (15.6−21.1°C) before you consider growing hibiscus. If the temperature drops to 55°F (12.8°C), the plant will stop growing
If you have prepared the stages in planting hibiscus, the next step is to start the planting process, you can do by yourself with simple equipment for digging holes.
For more details about planting and caring for hibiscus, here are the steps that you must do correctly and with proper handling.
- Dig at the location where you want to plant hibiscus
- Make a hole for the seed with a depth along the roots of the plant
- Make distance between plants of about 6 or 9 meters
- Put each plant without damaging the hibiscus roots
- Cover them with soil as height of the base of the stem. As an option you can have one of any best planting media
- Water the hibiscus as soon as possible when the planting process has been completed
- keep the humidity of the planted hibiscus and make sure to water it regularly
- Keep the soil moisture
- Make sure to pay attention for any kind of pests if its attack.
- You can add a layer of mulch, its to inhibit the growth of weeds and is also able to maintain soil moisture
- If there are spots or rotten leaves, insecticides need to be applied
- To increase growth you can do pruning, pruning can be done by cutting the branches and also the top twigs
- Also trim the dead hibiscus leaves, this can help clean the plant and allow new shoots to grow.
- Make sure not to prune more than of the plant’s branches because it can damage the plant
- Take care of the pruning process to get a more beautiful bush shape
With you successfully growing a hibiscus plant, make sure to always pay attention to pests and diseases that can be seen through the leaves.
If this happens, remove it immediately so that it does not spread and make the plant die, therefore to make the hibiscus plant more beautiful, the care process must always be carried out.