Sansevieria as known as snake plant belongs to the Agavaceae family is one of the most popular ornamental plants due to their unique and beautiful appearance, this plant has many benefits, including being a textile material, absorbing toxins, even in recent studies it has been suggested that Sansevieria leaf extract can inhibit the growth of cancer cells. The fiber can be used as a textile raw material, depending on the type.
Snake plant is a type of ornamental plant originating from mainland Africa, Madagascar and South Asia. Sansevieria has about 70 species, where the inventor of this ornamental plant is Pietro Antonio Sanseverino. Another name for Sansevieria is Mother in law tounge flower or snake plant.
In this plant the stem is modified into rhizomes . This organ functions as a storage area for the food extracts from photosynthesis. Rhizome also plays a role in reproduction. Rhizome spreads below the soil surface. The end of this organ is a network of meristems that always grows lengthwise. Sansevieria flowers are contained in panicles that grow upright from the base of the stem and are unisexual flowers that have female flowers and male flowers.
Sansevieria has a variety of colored leaves, dark green, light green, green gray and a combination of white yellow or green yellow. The motives of the grooves or lines found on the leaf blade also vary, some follow the direction of the leaf fibers, are irregular and some are zigzagged. Sansevieria is able to store large amounts of water in all parts of the leaves, so it can survive even in dry and barren areas.
Snake plant loved by many people because they are very easy to care. Sansevieria can grow in any conditions and little exposure to direct sunlight. Not only that, the reason why the Sansevieria plant is known as Mother in law tounge plant is because it has sharp leaves on the tips. Sansevieria has many types, here they are:
- Sansevieria trifasciata
- trifasciatavar.bentle variegated
- trifasciata-laurentii var.stella clones
- trifasciata-hahnii var. lucille poun
- trifasciata-hahnii var. Jade drawf
- trifasciata-hahnii var. cream
- trifasciata-hahnii var. twister
- trifasciata var. asahi
- Sansevieria nelsonii
- Sansevieria guineensis
- Sansevieria Brazilian
- Sansevieria javanica
- Sansevieria trifasciata-tiger
- Sansevieria parva var. stick variegate
- Sansevieria horwood
- Sansevieria nitida
- Sansevieria kirkii-brown
- Sansevieria golden flame
- Sansevieria bagamoyensis
- Sansevieria concinna
- Sansevieria mansoniana
- Sansevieria mansoniana-variegata
- Sansevieria fischeri
- Sansevieria francisii
- Sansevieria cylindrica midnightstar
- Sansevieria hallii
- Sansevieria hallii-pinkbat
- Sansevieria ballyi
- Sansevieria parva-variegata
- Sansevieria patens
- Sansevieria pinguicula
- Sansevieria pinguicula var. Thailand
- Sansevieria suffruticosa
- Sansevieria cylindrica gracilis
- Sansevieria cylindrica var. sky line
- Sansevieria cylindrica var. patula
- Sansevieria cylindricaphilipsiae
- Sansevieria perrotii
The leaves type of Sansevieria consists of 4 characteristics:
1) Flat, stiff and long like a sword. The leaves of this type have flat leaf edges
2) Short, curved back. Leaves like these have tapered but not sharp, flat leaf edges
3) Concave and fleshy. The leaves of this type have thick and flat leaf flesh with flat or wavy leaf edges
4) Round, have a gap at the base of the leaf, where the point where the flesh of the leaf is rounded
In Europe, Sansevieria began to be used as an ornamental plant since the 1900s. The most preferred type is Sansevieria trifasciata-laurentii. The type of Sansevieria which is the form of the swords is a type of variegata from Sansevieria trifasciata.
Benefits of the In-Law Tongue Plant
As mentioned above, besides beautifying the appearance of the house, snake plant also has a myriad of benefits
These benefits can be obtained by simply displaying Mother in law tounge as an ornamental plant or by processing them into alternative medicines.
Here are some of the benefits of snake plant when it displayed as an ornamental plant:
- Absorbs radiation from electronic goods.
- Absorb toxic pollutants in the air.
- Absorbs excess carbon dioxide.
- Supplies lots of oxygen.
- Able to absorb unpleasant odors.
These are some sansevieria that used to have by many people:
- Sansevieria pinguicula
The first type of snake plant is Sansevieria pinguicula. This type has a bluish green color with brown leaf edges. Different from other types of Mother in law tounge plants, Sansevieria pinguicula has a thick, concave shape in the center. This plant grows very fast. So, you need to check it once a week to repot this plant to another pot so that it doesn’t clump too much.
- Sansevieria Trifasciata
For this type of snake plant, Sansevieria trifasciata is a type of plant that was first discovered in West Africa. The leaves are flat and black to green. Sansevieria trifasciata has streaks along the leaves and yellow on the edges.
- Sansevieria Kirkii
Although snake plant has no aroma, Sansevieria kirkii is different. Sansevieria Kirkii has a fragrant aroma, suitable for air freshener. Its small shape resembles a star, making Sansevieria kirkii very fitting to be placed as a living decoration on the table.
- Sansevieria Stuckyi
Unlike other types of snake plants that are flat, Sansevieria stuckyi is rounded. Can give off a fragrant, green plant with dark green streaks that can grow up to two meters.
- Sansevieria Moonshine
Another type of snake plant that is no less unique is Sansevieria moonshine. If other snake plants are dark green, Sansevieria moonshine is actually a lighter color with slightly faded strokes. The leaves are short, making Sansevieria moonshine suitable as a table decoration.
- Sansevieria Black Gold
At first glance, Sansevieria Black Gold is indeed similar to Sansevieria trifasciata. What distinguishes here is the color of the leaves. Equally yellow at the edges, Sansevieria Black Gold has a darker green color than similar plants.
- Sansevieria Futura Robusta
Has a color gradation from gray to dark green which is unique to Sansevieria Futura Robusta. Sansevieria Futura Robusta can grow up to 60 cm. Because of its short size and can be watered every two weeks, Sansevieria Futura Robusta used to placed indoors.
- Sansevieria Golden Hahnii
Sansevieria Golden Hahnii is dominated by yellow to white in color with a green stripe in the middle.
- Sansevieria Cylindrica
This type of plant is very similar to Sansevieria Stuckyi. The difference is that Sansevieria Cylindrica has no aroma and can grow tall in the direction of the wind.
- Sansevieria Ehrenbergii
Sansevieria Ehrenbergii. If other types of snake plants have streaks on their leaves, Sansevieria Ehrenbergii is just plain. The leaves are only dark green with brown on the edges, and very stiff. No wonder some people often think this plant is made of plastic.
That’s the kind of snake plant that is aesthetic and effective in absorbing pollution. Which one are you interested in?