Daisy (Callistephus chinensis), is a type of ornamental plant with attractive flower colors. From shape, Daisy is very similar to chrysanthemum flower. Not only that, these two types are also often used as decorations for various events, from expressions of love on Valentine’s Day.
This flower that comes from the asteraceae family has a variety of flowers such as white, blue, purple and pink. The word daisy comes from the Greek, which means to resemble a star. How come? Well, this is because most of these flower shapes do resemble stars.
Daisy turned out to be a clump with sunflowers. Daisies are often found in North America and Southern Europe. Even so, this flower actually comes from China with an average plant height of 30-70 cm.
The ideal area for growing daisy is a mountainous area with an ideal temperature of 20 – 24°C, but it is possible in the lowlands this plant can grow. This flower is very suitable in open spaces with direct sunlight. Like chrysanthemums, daisies are also often used as cut flowers and as ornamental plants in the yard.
The 5 Most Popular Types of Daisy
The colors of this flower can be seen from the variant types. There are at least 5 types of Daisy that are very popular and widely planted, here is an explanation:
- Princess type, has characteristic dark blue, pink, white, light yellow and light blue petals.
- American type, has a characteristic light blue, blue, pink, purple, red and white petals.
- Novae-Angeliae, has the characteristics of light violet and violet petals.
- Liliput type, has characteristic blue, dark red, pink and white petals.
- Incisus type daisy flower, has a characteristic slightly bluish violet petals.
How to Grow Daisy
If you are interested in planting this one flower, it’s a good idea to pay attention to the following steps:
- Prepare the seeds in advance. Seedlings of this flower plant are widely sold in plant stores. Before the seeds are sown, it’s a good idea to prepare a nursery that has been filled with planting media.
- The best growing medium for this plant is husk, soil and manure with a ratio of 1:1:1. Such planting media can be found in plant stores.
- After that, water until damp. Make a hole for the seedling, then spread the seeds. Then cover with soil. The seeds will germinate after few days.
- If it has 4-5 leaves and 10-15 cm high, it means that this plant is ready to be planted. The best planting time is the afternoon in the rainy season in tropical countries
- If in a country that has 4 seasons, the best time to plant daisys is in the spring. When you plant from seed remember that they should be planted about 1 inch deep in a location that gets full to partial sun.
- When this plant is growing well, don’t forget to trim the shoots. This is important for growing buds. From that bud will develop into side branches.
- Prune the terminal buds on plants that have reached more than 15 cm in height or after 3 months after planting or when they have 3-4 pairs of leaves.
- leave the former pruning for a while until new shoots grow. The next pruning is done after the new shoots grow about 15-20 cm. And so on until the flower will appear.
When is the Best Time to Pick Daisy?
- Then when is the best time to pick the beautiful flowers? Generally, daisies can be picked after 3-4 months of age. However, you can’t just pick any, green friend!
- Ideally picking is done 3 days before the flowers are in full bloom or when the flowers are half blooming. We recommend picking when the weather is sunny, morning or late afternoon.
- Use pruning shears to pick the flowers. Prune flower stalks 60-70 cm long or depending on the variety.
- Well, the special daisies are often determined by the brightness of their flowers. How to make this flower look fresh? Freshness was largely determined by food sources and antimicrobials. For food sources, sugar can be provided.
- The sugar must be clean with a dissolved solids content of about 98 percent. This level indicates the sucrose content in it.
- You can also give them commercial preservatives like Florissant and Chrysal AVB for up to two weeks of shelf life.
Daisys and chrysanthemums are part of the asteraceae family. At first glance they are very similar and almost indistinguishable. However, there are differences as follows:
Daisies are flowers of the aster genus. The flowers are small, thin-crowned, slender and do not blend in around the flower stalk. One flower stalk can contain three to five flowers.
Chrysanthemum belongs to the flowers of the Chrysanthemum genus. The flowers are large and some are even larger than the palm of an adult’s hand. Unlike the easily recognizable Daisy, the chrysanthemum is very disguised with the flower types of its brethren. This is because chrysanthemums are one of the favorite flowers for horticulturists to cross.
There are Many Types of Chrysanthemums. Here is the Comparison:
- Single bloom type. This flower blooms around the center of the flower. The size is large and some are even larger than the size of an adult male’s palm. Normally it is yellow and white. Blue chrysanthemum is an artificial species made by injection of a pigment like the blue rose “Applause”.
- Anemone type. Where the center of the flower is rounded so large that the flower crown is unable to cover it. One flower stalk can contain many flowers. The color of the anemone type varies from white to purple. Chrysanthemum lavandulifolium one that has anemone flower type.
- Quilled blooms type. This type has a thin crown and long tapering to twisted. So that it looks like a duster. The colors also vary, there are pink, red and purple, not only white and yellow. Chrysanthemum morifolium included to this type.
- Pompons type. This type has flowers that are rounded like round doorknobs.
- Spoon bloom type. This type has a crown that is twisted like a funnel. This pink color is very pretty.
- Spider type. This type has a crown that grows in all directions which makes it look like spider legs. Spider Mums Chrysanthemum is one of them
If we pay attention, the Daisy and Chrysanthemum leaves look different, starting from the shape, color, and thickness of the leaves. Daisy leaves look thinner than chrysanthemum, chrysanthemum leaves are stiffer and thicker and the color of Daisy leaves is greener than chrysanthemum.