You may find that the colors of Hibiscus flowers vary. They look beautiful with whatever color that they have. But, how many hibiscus colors in this world actually? We have searched the information about it and you can read the information below.
How Many Colors Do Hibiscus Have?
There are a lot of colors of hibiscus such as pink, white, blue, red, peach, orange, purple and yellow. In certain species, the color of the flower such as Hibiscus mutabilis and Hibiscus tiliaceus changes with age. But, why can Hibiscus color change? Let’s find out the information in the next paragraph.
Why Can Hibiscus Change the Color?
As explain in Gardening Know How website, certain species of Hibiscus can change the color of its flowers. One of Hibiscus types which is famous for its dramatic color changes is the Confederate Rose or Hibiscus mutabilis. The flowers of this plant can change from white to pink to deep red in one day. However, it is important for you to note that almost all hibiscus varieties produce flowers which can change colors under certain circumtances.
So, why can the color of the flowers change? There are three groups of pigments which create the vibrant color displays od hibiscus flowers. The first pigments are Anthocyanins. These pigments produce purple, blue, red, and pink colors depending on the individual pigment molecule and the pH it is exposed to. The second pigments are flavonols. These pigments have the responsibility to give pale yellow or whire colors. The third pigments are Carotenoids which create colors on the warm side of the spectrum such as oranges, yellows and reds.
Every variety of hibiscus has its own genetics which can determine the pigments that can be produced and also the range of colors that can be produced. However, it is also important to know that the other aspects such as sunlight, temperature, pH, and nutrition can affect the levels of different pigments in a flower and also what color which will appear.
The anthocyanins which are blue and red are water-soluble pigments which are carried in plant sap. How about the orange, red and yellow carotenoids? They are fat soluble pigments which are created and saved in the plastids. For your information, plastids are compartments in plant cells which are the same as the chloroplasts that bring out photosynthesis. So, anthocyanins are less protected and more sensitive to the change of environment. Meanwhile, carotenoids are more stable. So, that’s why the colors of hibiscus flowers can changes.
If anthocyanins are exposed to hot condistions, it will often break down. As a result, the colors of the flower will fade. Meanwhile, the colors which are carotenoid-based will hold up well in the heat. The production of carotenoids is enhanced by the high temperature and bright sunlight. It leads to bright reds and oranges.
On the other hand, in cold weather, more anthocyanins will be produced by plants. The anthocyanins which are produced tend to be more red and pink as opposed to purple or blue. So, for this reason, there are some hibiscus flowers which are dependent on anthocyanin and they will produce brilliant colors during cool weather on in partial shade, but they will fade when they are in bright, hot sunlight. Flavonols which are exposed to high temperatures will also fade from yellow to white, but cold weather will increase the production and will deep the yellow color of flowers.
Depending on the pH which are exposed in the flower, some anthocyanin pigments will change color. Usually, pH do not change from time to time in a hibiscus flower. It is because it is determined genetically. However, if the are the patches of different pH levels, it will cause multiple colors which happen in one flower. The change of the color in a Hibiscus flower can also be affected by nutrition. To be able to produce anthocyanin, it requires enough sugar and protein in the sap. You have to make sure that your plant has enough fertility and nutrients so that you will have vibrant colors in your hibiscus flowers which are dependent to anthocyanin.
We can conclude that depending on its variety, the color change of Hibiscus can happen because of some factors including sunlight, temperature, pH and nutrition. You may wonder whether we are able to control the color change of Hibiscus. Of course, you are able to control the color change of Hibiscus indirectky by controlling the environment of the plant. It means that you have to control the shade or sun, give good fertility and protection from hot or cold weather.
Some Most Beautiful Hibiscus Flowers
According to Style Craze, there are 25 most beautiful Hibiscus flowers and here are some of them.
- Chinese Hibiscus
This flower is known as a blackening plant. It is because the flowers are used in the tropics to polish shoes. The flowers usually have the red shade. However, sometimes they are also available in yellow, pink and orange.
- Rock Hibiscus
This Hibiscus is native to the United States and Mexico. The color of the flowers range from white to deep purple and pink.
- Flower of an Hour
Being known as Hibiscus trionum, this plant can grow up to 4 feet in height and produces cream to yellow colored blossoms.
Roselle is known as Indian Roselle and it has solitary yellow flowers with less stalk. The diameter of the flowers is 4 inches and the color is white to pale yellow.
- Rose of Sharon
Rose in Sharon is Hibiscus syriacus. This plant is hardy and easy to grow. This plant blooms from late summer to mid autumn. The shades of the flowers can be white, purple and violet. The bloom’s size will depend on pruning. It is because pruned flowers have proper and bigger blooms while flowers which are left in the wild produce smaller flowers.
This hibiscus plant is also known as Musk malloow, Kasturi and Musk seed in India and it is an annual plant. The flower is usually used in Homeopathy to treat gonorrheal crystitis and urethritis.
- Giant Rose Mallow
This plant is almost the same as Hibiscus Moscheutos. It has leaves which are broader and it is also tall. The flowers are pink while some can be white with a dark red centre.