The orchid is a familiar flowering plant, because it has a unique and attractive appearance and has a distinctive aroma. There are many types of orchids that can be found, making them often used as home decoration plants.
Not only as decoration addition, orchids also can be used as fragrances in your room and the other benefits. Many people like to grow this plant because it is easy to care for and can be planted by yourself in the garden. For those of you who want to start planting orchid plants, it’s good to know the types and characteristics of the following favorite orchid plants first!
Orchids flower varieties
Dendrobium is a type of orchid that is very popular with many people because it looks very beautiful with bright colors. They are primarily epiphytes, meaning they grow on other plants. Usually dendrobium species vary in appearance is pure white, a combination of white and purple, to yellow. This variety plants grow in all manner of climates from wet, hot, and lowlands to high altitude, such as cool mountains.
It can grow up to 0.5–4 ft tall and wide with moist soil but well drained. You need to place them in partial sunlight in nature so that they will grow well and pH of the soil is acidic. In the fall some are deciduous and drop their leaves and some hold on to their leaves year round. Mostly species of this orchids have a moderate to fast growth rate. Make sure to plant this type of orchid after it has finished flowering or very beggining of the season would be the best time.
Popular species of dendrobium are:
- Dendrobium anosmum: purple or pink flowers
- Dendrobium cucumerinum : this orchids comes in white or yellow green with red purples stripes color
- Dendrobium aphyllum: White, Muted yellow, lavender, pink flowers
- Dendrobium crumenatum: White flowers on spindle-like stems
- Dendrobium taurinum: Lavender to purple flowers with petals shaped that look like horns
For beginners phalaenopsis as known as moth orchids are easy to care for and grows easily on a trunkor tree, in the right conditions, they will display showy blooms for months. depending on variety and species, they can grow up to 8 to 36 inches tall and 12 inches wide. It can grow well if you place them in the bright shade of sunlight. Soil Type they are needed is moist with pH Slightly acidic to neutral. Spring and summer is time for phals to bloom which will have vary color such us white, pink, lavender, yellow.
Cattleya orchids are characterized by their large size if its compared to other orchid species, easy to find. Cattleya orchids usually flower once a year only with the timeframe, though some hybrids have been widely cultivated to bloom more than once.
its epiphytic which means they naturally grow attached to other plants such as on tree branches. The plants grow from pseudobulbs, which store water and nutrients. Cattleya orchids are generally slow growers but long lived, mostly will take times to grow to mature roughly between four and seven years. Once new growth appears after they’re done flowering is the best time to plant these orchids. It can grow mature size 0.25 to 2 ft tall and wide. Sun Exposure they are neened is partial sunlight,and you should to use soilless media and well drained at acidic pH.
Cattleya has many orchid species and hybrids within that vary in appearance, there are:
- Cattleya labiata: knon as ruby lipped orchid, has medium in size and produces big, showy blooms often in shades of white, lilac or pink.
- Cattleya iricolor is very fragrant flowers in creamy white or pale yellow or creamy white that have long, narrow petals.
- Cattleya mossiae: known as the Easter orchid due to around Easter time they start to bloom.
- Cattleya percivaliana: well known as Christmas orchid because it blooms in fall and winter and mostly bloom in a pale lavender color.
- Cattleya schroederae: its showy flowers are up to 9 inches across.
Vandas included to monopodial orchids which means they grow from a single stem with roots emerging from the bottom. The leaves climbing the stem in a ladder-like progression. The older vanda can grow into very large if left undivided . Vandas flower emerge from the central stem between the leaves.
They are difficult to contain in any sort of pot due to due to its robust roots and large. In fact, its epiphytic. The best time to plant is within the early spring. And they will grow fairly quickly under well maintenance. It can grow up to mature size 1 to 3 feet tall and place under partial sunlight. You need to use peat moss or bark, soil at 6.4 to 6.8 pH. They will bloom every few months with pink, red, yellow, orange, blue, purple, white color.
There are many beautiful species of Vandas:
- Vanda coerulea: this species has long-lasting, blue-purple flowers.
- Vanda sanderiana: well known as Sander’s Vanda with pink and white varieties.
- Vanda tessellata: this plant has yellow petals with brown lines and white margins.
This orchids grow on mountains with an altitude of 1000-2000meters with temperatures around 27 degrees Celsius and humidity around 80 to 90 percent. They are native to Ecuador and the forests of Peru. The fragrant of this orchids unlike other flowers, it is very similar to the a ripe citrus fruit scent.
It is a type of orchid that has a very unique flower shape. The shape is cute like a baby with a sleeping bag. It is green on top and light purple at the bottom.
For this type grows on the ground with a height of up to 30 centimeters (cm) to 45 cm and is very suitable to grow at an altitude of about 1,000 masl. However, to get this plant is quite difficult because the population is very rare.